ANSEL ADAM’S is the father of Previsualization (the ability to see the image in your mind before it is shot): the exposure, the lens, depth of field and motion focus, and the angle of view and equipment needed to capture the lighting, location and subject with a few shots. When dealing with commercial shoots, it also includes knowing the needed props, fill light, models and styling necessary to promote the product.
PREVISUALIZATION: pre-production check list for shoots
1. Location ( Outside or Inside or Studio)
2. Lighting ( Natural, Fill-reflector or flash, Studio Lighting, and/or Unique Key Lighting )
3. Exposure ( Manual, Metered, Bracketing, +/- )
4. Lens Options ( Normal, Wide Angle, Macro, Telephoto, Fish Eye )
5. Creative Focus ( Aperture depth of field and Shutter speed motions focus )
6. ISO ( Start @ 100 and move up as needed to maintain desired motion focus )
7. Angle of View ( Worm’s Eye, Bird’s Eye, Eye to Eye,Looking Through )
8. White Balance ( AWB, Custom, Tungsten, Shade, Florescent, Daylight )
9. Equipment (Tripod, Props, Assistants, Backdrops, etc.)
10. Model (Release, Wardrobe, Makeup, Hair)
LOCATION, LOCATION, LOCATION
The first step in photography is finding the right location. Is it a studio shoot and selecting the backdrop or is it researching the right back drop from life. Part of the success of local photographer Maddie Thomas is her ability to pre-visualize her end product and through interviewing her clients to select the right location that shows off her models and their personality.
LANDSCAPE PHOTOGRAPHER TOM TILL In business the location of your store is the #1 priority. In photography, the location can also impact your shoot’s success. Natural lighting has a specularity that is often missing in studio lighting. Tom Till researches the right time of day, the right season and the right weather patterns for success when shooting landscapes or images involving landscapes. Study his technique tips and images then adapt them to your fist outside shoot. You may use the landscape location as a backdrop to with models or as Fine Art Landscape alone.
QUALITIES OF LIGHT by Tom Till-Summer 2005
1. Midday Sunlight: useful for subjects with their own inherent color and deep shadows like slot canyons.
2. Midday Overcast: useful to eliminate harsh shadows and great for intimate subjects like portraits.
3. Midday Rainy: same as overcast with the specularity of high color saturation.
4. Mottled Lighting: effective for reducing shadows and produces a pleasing “spotlight” with the sun coming and going through clouds.
5. Reflected Light: occurs when light is bounced from brightly lit canyon walls or building walls and produces rich warm lighting for close-ups and intimate details
6. Open Shade: normal shady area with no clouds is very blue and useful for bringing blues into a scene; use shade White Balance to remove the blueing
7. Magic Hour: spectacular warm yellow light of the last or first hour of sunlight deepens shadows and produces strong 3 dimensions with side-lighting.
8. Magic Minute: the very warm red, orange, and violet light that lights the subject at its highest topography; important to scout out or prvisualize which subject will be lit
9. Storm-light or Aplenglow: Spectacular lighting very short lived that occurs during the magic minute or the last few minutes of the magic hour that often comes with bad weather accompanied by red, rain, colorful clouds and lightning
10. Chiaroscuro: bright light contrasted with dark producing a beautiful and dramatic effect from dark clouds contrast to a bright landscape or visa versa
11. Anti-sunset: clouds lit by sunset light in the east, allowing lighted landscape to be combined with dramatic sky
12. Normal Sunset: more effective if reflective surface is used in the foreground—lake, snow, sand. Shooting into the sun is easier where marine layers exist or high humidity or partial blocking of sun by subject.
13.Post Sunset or Pre-sunrise Light: landscape is lit by residual sunlight bounced from the atmosphere and the cooler light or red orange band in the east can be a great substitute for clouds
14. Forest Fire Light or Severe Atmospheric Haze: can produce excellent sun orbs at sunset and great colored light
15. Moonrise: is best on a night before a full moon at twilight rather than night; the moon will rise to the right of pointing shadows; Google the time
16. Night: best for Startrails and Lightning. Use this average lightning exposure(when thunder is heard)– wide open lens, 2 minute shutter with 400 ISO. Lightning color is usually purple-violet.
THE CREATIVE PROCESS STEP BY STEP with Helen Thomas Robson www.capturedmiracles.org
Preparations before Capturing
Editing “Oils of the Bible” by Helen Thomas Robson
Brainstorming the the final product: What will it take to be ready to shoot?
BYU Softball Poster Shoot
THE FINAL PRODUCTS